Bacolod History - Philippines
Those who visit the city will do well to brush up a little bit on the history of Bacolod. As this overview of the facts will show, the developments and events that have taken place are as interesting as the other tourist attractions in the area itself.
The records bare out that the land was first settled in sometime in 1770 near Granada. The area was called bakolod, translated as hill of stones, from which the modern name of the city was derived. Within a few years after it was settled in though, the Spaniards found themselves warring against the Muslims who frequently launched attacks on the city, forcing them to settle at a site near the shore.
The history of Bacolod reached a crucial point when in 1894 it was made the capital of Negros through an order of then Governor Manuel Valdevieso Morquecho. From that point on progress of the city became rapid and so were the conversion of the people to Christianity thanks to the efforts of Julian Gonzaga who was assigned as parish priest of the city. To this day this influence is still apparent through the various fiestas and festivals that are commemorated in the province.
In 1897, the Negrense revolutionaries mounted a successful campaign against the Spaniards and captured the city, but less than two years later it fell to the American forces. The Americans held control of the province, and the city was officially made a city in the year 1938. During World War II the Japanese Army conquered the province, marking an important turning point in the history of Bacolod.
For three years the city suffered extensive damage but the people waged guerrilla warfare against the occupying force, and later on helped the Americans liberate the city in 1945. As with most of the country, the province was in ruins, but the people were determined to push through and put the pieces back together.
The first couple of years after the war, the basic essentials like housing were built and in the succeeding years, some more basic public needs like marketplaces and roads were constructed and put together.
At the years wore on, efforts were begun to rebuild much more of the province, and while it took some time, today the history of Bacolod is marked by progress and an economic boom, thanks in large part to the efforts of the people to rebuild and promote the city.